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Главная » 2014 » Март » 19 » Напряженность в Крыму заявления Москвы о присоединении пророссийской территории
20:55
Напряженность в Крыму заявления Москвы о присоединении пророссийской территории
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Газета Daily Telegraph

Напряженность в Крыму после заявления Москвы

о присоединении пророссийской территории

Ukraine crisis: live

Tensions in Crimea escalate as 'self-defence' militia storm Ukraine navy headquarters in Sevastopol a day after Moscow announces the annexation of the pro-Russian region. Follow our live coverage here

An Ukrainian naval officer, right, passes unidentified armed men as he leaves the naval headquarters of Sevastopol. Three Russian flags were flying at an entrance to Ukraine's naval headquarters in the Crimean port of Sevastopol as pro-Russian forces took control of at least part of the base without armed resistance.

• Crimea 'self defence' militia storm headquarters of Ukrainian navy in Sevastopol
• Moscow has approved annexation of Crimea as 'inalienable' part of Russian territory
• Crisis enters 'military stage' as Ukraine troops authorised to open fire in defence against Russian forces
• Authorisation followed killing of Ukrainian soldier by shooter at military base on Tuesday
US says it may send additional troops to Baltics to reassure allies in region
Britain has suspended military cooperation with Russia

Latest

16.29 Our correspondent Damien McElroy in Donetsk has spoken to the city's Kiev-appointed governor, Sergei Taruta, who has called for a national forum to thrash out a new constitution that would decentralise power to the region.

McElroy explains: This is his way of saying parliament in Kiev is not up to the task of addressing the crisis. Diplomats however warn that such a forum could be highjacked by Russia and open the way for the division of the country.

16.20 UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon is to visit Moscow tomorrow and Kiev on Friday to discuss how to peacefully resolve the crisis, the UN press office announced. The UN General Assembly is also to discuss the issue in New York tomorrow.

16.06 NATO's chief is calling Russia's advances in Ukraine the greatest threat to European security and stability since the end of the Cold War.

In a speech set for later today, NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen is expected to say that Moscow's annexation of Ukraine's strategic Crimea Peninsula is a wake-up call for international partners committed to a free and peaceful Europe.

An advance copy of Mr Rasmussen's planned speech at the Brookings Institution think-tank was obtained by The Associated Press.

Rasmussen was to say that NATO must focus on the long-term impact of Russia's aggression on its own security.

14.40 As European heads of state prepare for the EU summit tomorrow and Friday, where they will discuss the Ukraine crisis, President Putin is attempting to fracture EU unity on the issue by raising an inconvenient historical truth, our Brussels correspondent Bruno Waterfield reports:

There are growing fears that over the coming days and weeks Russia will play a divide and rule game to split Europe and the European Union.

Senior European diplomats here in Brussels fear that Vladimir Putin will respond to Western sanctions by taking retaliatory measures that will focus on the different national and economic interests at play in the EU.

The Russian president’s main tactic will be to try and split Germany from the EU pack by threatening to damage its economy, dependent on imports of Russia’s gas, and by reminding Germans of recent history.

Diplomats point to his annexation of Crimea speech to both houses of the Russian parliament yesterday as evidence with its unsubtle reminder that Britain and France, but not the United States or Russia, opposed German reunification as the Iron Curtain fell in 1989.

"I believe that the Europeans, first and foremost, the Germans, will also understand me. Let me remind you that in the course of political consultations on the unification of East and West Germany, [...] some nations that were then and are now Germany’s allies did not support the idea of unification, the Russian president said.

"Our nation, however, unequivocally supported the sincere, unstoppable desire of the Germans for national unity. I am confident that you have not forgotten this, and I expect that the citizens of Germany will also support the aspiration of the Russians, of historical Russia, to restore unity.”

His comments alarm European diplomats because they rub the EU’s nose in an uncomfortable, inconvenient historical truth: Margaret Thatcher and Francois Mitterrand opposed German reunification, Mikhail Gorbachev and George HW Bush supported it. Angela Merkel, who grew up in East Germany, is well aware of this.


14.19 Katerina Kravtsova in Moscow has some added detail on the Crimean Tatars and the situation they now find themselves in:

Many Crimean Tatars have apparently boycotted the Sunday referendum on independence, after the former head of the group's unofficial parliament, Mustafa Dzhemilev, said holding the vote would be illegitimate.

In an interview with Reuters, Mr Dzhemilev said that since the Crimean Tatars were vocal supporters of Ukraine's integrity, he feared there would be attacks on them when Crimea joined Russia.

Last Sunday, police found body of Reshat Ametov, a Crimean Tatar, who is believed to have been tortured and killed. His relatives said Mr Ametov disappeared after he took part in a rally in Simferopol, which demanded an end to Russia's interference in Ukraine.

Human Rights Watch called on the Crimean authorities to investigate the case.

At the same time, President Vladimir Putin promised on Tuesday to observe the rights of Tatar population in Crimea and make Tatar an official language of the peninsula along with Russian and Ukrainian.

Members of the Tatar community at the funeral of Reshat Ametov

13.36 Russian state news agency Ria Novosti is carrying the ominous report that Crimean Tatars - who make up 15 per cent of the region's population and are heavily pro-Kiev - are to be forced off their lands under plans by the Crimean authorities. Crimean Deputy Prime Minister Rustam Temirgaliyev reportedly said in an interview with the agency that the Tatars have been told to leave some of their lands and move to allocated plots, raising fears of ethnic cleansing among the minority group.

The Tatars were deported to Central Asia by Stalin 70 years ago and on their return to their historic homeland in the 1990s were unable to reclaim their properties. As a result, many have settled on unclaimed lands, resulting in long-simmering land disputes which now threaten to turn increasingly ugly under the new status quo.

Mr Termirgaliyev was quoted as saying that Tatars could receive senior positions in the new government, in an apparent attempt to soothe ethnic tensions in the region. But on the ground, most Tatars are fearful of what the future holds for them in a Russian Crimea.

12.55 Prime Minister David Cameron has warned that Russia could be expelled from the G8 over its actions in Ukraine. He told Parliament that G7 nations meeting next week should discuss "whether or not to expel Russia permanently from the G8 if further steps are taken" by Moscow to destabilise Ukraine.

12.50 Moscow has by no means been cowed by Washington's military warnings, with the Russian foreign ministry delivering some tough words of its own. Katerina Kravtsova in Moscow reports:

Russia's foreign ministry has issued a statement accusing Western countries of indulging a coup d'etat in Ukraine last month and violating their promise to respect Ukraine's sovereignty under a security assurance agreement.

The agreement was signed by Britain, the US and Russia in 1994 after Ukraine's commitment to give up its nuclear arsenal. Western countries said recently that Russia had violated the pact by threatening to send troops to Crimea.

"In the context of the situation in Ukraine, some of our partners reminded Russia about its commitments under the 1994 agreement,” the foreign ministry's statement said.

It went on: "How should we react to the almost constant patrol of the Maidan by Western envoys ... and the EU and US statement that they do not recognise the legitimately elected president as their partner?”

Many Western politicians, including Baroness Ashton, the EU foreign policy chief and John Kerry, the US secretary of state, visited the Maidan from last November, when the protests started, to February, when President Viktor Yanukovich was ousted.

Meanwhile, Russia's representative to Nato, Alexander Grushko, said Russian soldiers did not participate in Tuesday's storming of a Ukrainian military base in Ukraine. "Investigation of the incident is underway, those guilty will be punished,” he said, according to the Russian news agency Interfax.

12.40 In Vilnius, Lithuania, visiting US Vice-President Joe Biden has some strong words for Vladimir Putin. After meeting the presidents of Latvia and Lithuania, he warned Russia was on a "dark path" to isolation, and told reporters that the US was ready to respond to any aggression against NATO allies.

There are, he cautioned, "growing costs that come with naked aggression".

Yesterday Mr Biden raised the spectre of an increased US military presence in the Baltics, in order to reassure regional allies fearing Russian military belligerence.

Meanwhile both Russia and the US engaged in military posturing in the region. The Russian air force began large-scale aviation exercises in western regions today, Interfax news agency reported, while the US warship Truxtun embarked on a one-day military exercise with Bulgarian and Romanian navies in the Black Sea. While the "routine" Black Sea war game was scheduled before the Ukraine crisis, according to US officials, the echoes of Cold War-era standoffs are ringing ever louder.

US Vice-President Joe Biden meets Baltic leaders in Vilnius, the Lithuanian capital

12.15 Vitaly Klitschko, the Ukrainian boxing champion turned opposition leader, has called for troops loyal to Kiev to withdraw from Crimea "temporarily" as they are surrounded, Roland Oliphant reports from Sevastopol.

11.59 There are reports that Russian forces have also taken over the Ukrainian military base in Perevalnoye, near the Crimean capital of Simferopol, encountering no resistence. Though the details of the situation have yet to be confirmed, images from the scene indicate it has indeed been seized.

11.51 The Telegraph's Roland Oliphant is outside the Sevastopol headquarters of the Ukrainian navy, which has been seized by Russian and pro-Russian forces. He reports:

Early this morning, so-called civilian "self defence" men - pro-Russian militia - entered the base unarmed but backed by fully armed Russian regulars. They told the Ukrainians to quit the base. The Ukrainian naval commander, Sergei Haiduk, was apparently detained, put in a car and driven away by these pro-Russian forces. There is no word on where he is. The Ukrainian defence ministry claims he was led away in handcuffs.

The admiral in command of the Russian Black Sea Fleet is apparently inside the base negotiating the surrender of the final hardcore of Ukrainian troops who are refusing to leave. But many Ukrainian servicemen and women are already packing their bags, dressing in civiliian clothes and leaving through the back gates, which is guarded by Russian troops and already has the Russian flag flying over it.

One Ukrainian servicewoman, who declined to give her name, was standing outside with a bag containing her uniform and personal effects, waiting for her officer husband, who was still in the base, to join her. She said although she was born in Russia and was a native Russian speaker she would rather move to mainland Ukraine than live in what is now the Russian Federation. The weekend's referendum, she told The Telegraph, had been a farce.

Russian troops at the Ukrainian naval base in Sevastopol

11.08 The world's attention is centred on Crimea but elsewhere in Ukraine, other Russian-leaning regions threaten to head down a similar path. In the eastern city of Donesk, the Ukraine parachute battalion is engaged in a cat and mouse game with its own population as it deploys to the Russian border. Damien McElroy, the Telegraph's correspondent in Donetsk, reports:

Since running into a roadblock by a pro-Russian group on Sunday night at a remote railway crossing, they have been cutting across country to move forward. Three battalions got through but the one I spoke to got stuck and has made camp.

11.03 Pro-Russian militants and Russian forces claim to have captured the head of the Ukrainian navy during this morning's takeover of the naval HQ in Sevastopol. "He was blocked and he had nowhere to go. He was forced out and he has been taken away," Igor Yeskin, a representative of the Russian forces at the scene, told reporters. There has been no confirmation or comment from Kiev as yet.

Ukraine servicemen did not resist Russian forces who took over naval base in Sevastopol

10.45 Further entrenching the Kiev-Crimea standoff, the Crimean regional prime minister has announced that he will not allow the Ukrainian defence minister and deputy prime minister into the region, to which they have been dispatched on an urgent mission as Russian and pro-Russian forces begin to seize Ukrainian military facilities.

"No one is waiting for them in Crimea. No one will let them into Crimea and they will be sent back," Sergei Aksyonov said in Moscow, according to Interfax news agency.

10.23 As military and paramilitary forces dance in Crimea, in Moscow, the legal machinery that is to bring the region back under Russian control is grinding into action. Katerina Kravtsova, the Telegraph's correspondent in Moscow, reports on today's developments in the Duma:

Russia's lower house will adopt a law that would determine status and boundaries of Crimea and Sevastopol as parts of Russia by Friday, the State Duma speaker, Sergei Naryshkin, has said at a meting with Crimean leaders.

The Duma is also intended to ratify a treaty on the annexation of Crimea signed Tuesday by President Vladimir Putin and the peninsula representatives, after the Constitutional Court will check if the treaty meets Constitutional norms. Naryshkin, however, said he had no doubts the court would make a favourable decision later today, with the ratification issue being put on tomorrow's session agenda.

All the deputies came to Wednesday Duma session wearing black-and-orange ribbons, a symbol of Russia's military glory, and hailed Crimean representatives as heroes.

"Crimea and Sevastopol are together with Russia again, and today the majority of Crimean delegation came to the State Duma,” Mr Naryshkin said, opening the session, with the rest of the house applauding him vigorously and shouting: "Crimea, Russia, Putin!” Then Russian national anthem sounded.

Speaking to the parliament, leader of the Communist Party, Gennady Zyuganov, compared Russia's annexation of Crimea with the country's victory in the World War II in 1945.

"When I have seen those happy faces of Crimean residents and Russian people ... I had a feeling of delight for the third time in my life. The first time I had it in 1945, the second – when [Yury] Gagarin took a journey into outer space, and I have it now when Crimea came back to the Russian soil,” he said.

Speaking about a Tuesday incident at a Ukrainian army base in Crimea that led to death of a Ukrainian soldier who was apparently shot dead as pro-Kremlin forces stormed the facility, Mr Naryshkin said it was a "provocation similar to those that took place on Maidan."

"This is another dirty story with snipers,” he said.

10.15 Ukraine's defence minister, Igor Tenyukh, is rushing to Crimea in an attempt to prevent the situation unravelling further, as pro-Russian forces begin a takeover of military facilities held by Kiev.

Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk has ordered the first deputy prime minister and the defence minister to fly to Crimea to "resolve the situation" in peninsula, now under the control of Russian forces.

Ostap Semerak, a senior minister, told a meeting of the cabinet that Vitaly Yarema and Mr Tenyukh would be charged with "ensuring the conflict does not become military in nature".

10.05 Ukrainian servicemen are walking out of the country's naval headquarters in the Black Sea port of Sevastopol after it was stormed by hundreds of Crimean militia loyal to Moscow. Kiev has lost its grip on the heavily pro-Russian region after it voted at the weekend to split from Ukraine and President Vladimir Putin yesterday announced its reincorporation into the country it was a part of until 1954.

The killing of a Ukrainian soldier in an attack on a military base yesterday had raised fears that the transfer of military facilities to Russian control would be bloody. But today, Russia appears to be standing by assurances it will let Ukrainian forces leave Crimea peacefully, and Kiev seems to have relinquished all hopes of resistance.

09.50 Good morning from London, Moscow, Donetsk and Sevastopol, and welcome to our live coverage of today's developments in Ukraine, where tensions are continuing to escalate following Russia's announcement yesterday of the annexation of Crimea.

The Black Sea peninsula is on the brink as clashes between Ukrainian troops and pro-Russian forces threaten to erupt into wider violence. Several hundred Crimean "self-defence" militia have stormed the Ukrainian navy's headquarters in Sevastapol, the strategically important port city where Russia's Black Sea fleet is also based.

Moscow is believed to have given the assurance that Ukrainian troops will be allowed to leave Crimea peacefully, after the heavily ethnic Russian region voted overwhelmingly in a referendum to split from the rest of Ukraine and be incorporated back into the Russian territory it belonged to until 1954.

But pro-Russian forces were apparently behind an attack on a Ukrainian military base yesterday which killed at least one man, a Ukrainian soldier. The authorities in Crimea have blamed Pravy Sektor, a radical right wing group which was one of the more militant elements of the disparate EuroMaidan movement, for the killing, though this does not appear to be a very plausible explanation.

More details to follow.

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